About your Guide
“Cavern Guides” are certified Full Cave Divers who are also Open Water Dive Masters or higher.
These qualified professionals will be outfitted with complete Full Cave Diving Equipment, Oxygen/First Aid, and have successfully completed
a “Cavern Guide Program” and display authorized identification.
The sacred wells of the Mayas
To the ancient Mayas, the Sacred cenotes were home of the rain god, who were celebrated with human sacrifices. Furthermore, cenotes also guaranteed the only fresh water supply in the jungle and fostered the development of magnificent Maya cities all around the peninsula. Nowadays, these crystal basins offer spectacular sceneries to divers who explore them.
The name cenote finds its origin in the ancient Maya Dznot (sacred well). Among the most spectacular ones there are Ponderosa, Dos Ojos, Grand Cenote, Carwash and Angelita, all within a short trip from Playa del Carmen.
You’ll get much fun and great thrill from the Maya Riviera and its fascinating dives!!! Cenotes are opened to any certified diver from OWD onward.
Dives are guided by extremely competent dive guides especially trained for cenotes and follow a defined pathway marked and delineated by a guiding line fixed to the bottom. Depth is usually in the range of 9 to 17 meters.
The current is slow and can be divided into upstream and downstream according to its direction. No special equipment is needed, as 12 liters tanks and wet suits (5 mm) are commonly used with a water temperature usually around 25°C. Usually divers get in the water from a platform excavated in the rock..
The Cenote history
Welcome to a Unique Experience : Diving the amazing caverns of the Riviera Maya.
The Yucatan Peninsula lies on a limestone platform, which was formed millions of years ago. During several glacial periods ocean levels varied greatly. At different eras this region found itself submerged under water and at other times above the ocean surface.
It is during lower water level periods that the caves were originally formed. Heavy rains fell on this rock plainand found it’s way deep into the ground absorbing carbon dioxide from the soil and decaying plants.
This mixture is known as carbonic acid and is able to dissolve the weaker rock creating large underground voids and passages as the water finds its way to the sea. In this process, Speleothems (stalactites, stalagmites, flowstone, etc.) were formed in the passages as the “liquid stone” re-solidified creating a magical environment beyond imagination.
During the last ice age, ocean levels were 100 feet/30 meters lower than today. Approximately 18.000 years ago the ice began to melt and the ocean eventually rose to its current level, flooding the passages and creating a massive network of subterranean rivers unlike anywhere else on Earth.
The mysterious Maya civilization whose culture rose to it’s highest phase from 300 AD to 900 AD, inhabited this unique region. Using the Cenotes (sacred wells) not only as a water source but also as an important part of their mythology, believing that the Cenotes are “windows to the underworld” and a key to their after life. Ceremonies and rituals were performed and offerings were made to the “Gods of the Underworld”. In some cavern systems artifacts can still be found.
It is very important never to touch or disturb anything in the caverns, especially something of an archeological nature. Today adventurous Scuba divers can safely visit this enchanted and awesome place!!!
The water is so clear and the colors so shining that once you are immersed every distance seems quite short.
A magnificent natural show where inside large submerged rooms you can discover some fossil fishes and shells together with pieces of quartz and huge stalactites and stalagmites.
Divers must always remain:
Within the Natural Daylight zone
Maximum 60 m/200ft from the surface
Maximum depth: 21 m/70ft
Minimum visibility 15m/50ft
In large passages where at least 2 divers can comfortably get through
Within “no decompression limits”
Within “Arms Length” of a guideline that leads back to the open water
Not beyond warning signs
Air management using “rule of thirds” and exiting with minimum 60 bar/900psi
At a ratio of no more than 4 participants per “Cavern Guide”
It is not a typical cenote dive, but it is an amazing experience. For advance divers only; the maximum depth is 58 meters/180 feet.
Located 28 Km from Playa del Carmen this cenote give us an amazing view like a huge swimming pool in the middle of the jungle. It is perfect for snorkeling, cavern diving and cave diving.
Situated 29 Km south of Playa del Carmen ,it is a perfect place for both cavern and cave divers. The cavern tour take the diver through amazing places where sun beams penetrating. The water and strong halocline creating interesting mirror-like effects.
Also known as “ Car Wash” it is no longer used to wash taxi. It is sited 8 km outside Tulum in Coba direction.
Cenote Dos Ojos
The entrance to this cenote is just few meters after Puerto Aventuras. The name means “two eyes” and it is situated 50 km south of Playa del Carmen.
Cenote Chac Mool
The entrance to this cenote is just few meters after Puerto Aventuras. There are 3 different water entrance to Chac-Mool system.
This cenote is part of the system Sac Aktun which means white cave in Maya. In 2007 a team of cave divers discovered the connection between this system and Nohoch Nah Chich and now we have the biggest system of underwater caves in the wold (157km ).
Cenote Chikin Ha
Located 25 Km from Playa del Carmen, it is the first cenote in a system that connects several cenotes through more than 10 km of underwater passages.